In 1927, county commissioner Edward V. Babcock personally bankrolled 4,000 acres of farmland to create North and South Parks.

Pittsburgh steel was cranking and immigrants were pouring into the city for jobs. Babcock wanted to give them an escape from the polluted river valleys where they could experience nature and ride horses, swim, skate and picnic – they would be “the people’s country clubs.”

He really went for it.

Native Americans from the Blackfeet tribe in Montana were invited to live in the parks and care for two herds of bison.

Paul Riis, a landscape architect with a hand in creating Yellowstone was recruited to design and direct the parks. He used large stone works, waterfalls and other features to blur the lines between nature and the buildings, and set the tone for the rugged, naturalistic design style still found in the parks today.

The story of the Allegheny County Parks continued with seven Regional Parks – Boyce, Harrison Hills, Hartwood Acres, Round Hill, Settlers Cabin and White Oak – created between 1958 and 1974.

“Leaders envisioned a constellation of parks around the region and a park near every resident,” said Caren Glotfelty, president of the Allegheny County Parks Foundation. “They must have seen the county was going to grow and develop beyond the urbanization of the ’20s and that these parks would become important amenities.”

Today the nine county parks cover 12,000 acres of land and attract over two million visitors per year. They are rich with history and offer an eclectic variety of activities all year-round. Here is a snapshot of each one:

The oldest and biggest:  North and South Park

Ice skating at North Park. Photo by Michele Fetting.

Ice skating at North Park. Photo by Michele Fetting.

NORTH PARK

The five-mile paved trail around the 75-acre North Park Lake sees year-round action. Serious athletes in training, dog walkers, cyclists and rollerbladers all enjoy the largest of the county parks at over 3,000 acres.

The lake has seen a rebirth with new occupants in the historic boathouse (designed by prominent architect Henry Hornbostel who is also known for the City-County Building and Soldiers and Sailors Memorial Hall). Kayak Pittsburgh rents stand-up paddleboards, canoes, kayaks and pedal boats from May through October. And if the lake freezes over in winter, you can add cross-country skiing and ice fishing to the activities.

The swimming pool at North Park was once considered the largest in the world. Built for the 1936 Olympic trials, the 2.5-million gallon pool was not finished in time. Today it remains a great spot to swim laps for fun or train for the North Park Triathlon.

Post workout, the Over The Bar Café serves up a great view of the lake from the Boathouse. Grab an Adirondack chair around one of the eight fire pits for the best seat in town.

Cool History:

A 45-foot Story Pole stood in North Park for more than 80 years. It was carved by a chief from the Tulalip tribe and is now located at the Latodami Nature Center awaiting restoration.

You Might Not Know
In 2009, over 400,000 cubic yards of sediment were removed from the lake. Lake depth was restored and the cooler water can now sustain more aquatic life.

Trails:

North Park has 43 miles of trails used for hiking, mountain biking, free riding and horseback riding. The trails also connect to the 4.3-mile Harmony trail and the 35.7-mile Rachel Carson Trail.

Other Highlights:
Marshall Island Wildfowl Reserve, Latodami Nature Center, Go Ape Zip Line and Treetop Adventure, golf course, remote control airplane field, tennis/paddle tennis, ice skating, equestrian events, observation tower (closed to the public, but cool to see from the outside), off-leash dog area, arboretum, lodge, picnic groves

Friends of North Park is accessible through the Latodami Nature Center website at:
https://sites.google.com/site/latodaminaturecenter/history-of-park

Getting There:
North Park is 15 miles northeast of Pittsburgh located in McCandless, Pine and Hampton Townships. Map it at: 10301 Pearce Mill Road, 15101

Bison at South Park.

Bison at South Park. Photo Margaret Stanley/Allegheny County.

SOUTH PARK

Chief Wild Eagle and the last of the Blackfeet tribe returned to Montana around 1931, but the last of the American bison herd can still be found roaming the hills of the Game Preserve. They are big. And so is South Park – the oldest and second largest county park with over 2,000 acres.

The South Park Fairgrounds once attracted hundreds of thousands for the annual Allegheny County Fair. A $1 million renovation is now underway on the 77-acre site to reconstruct the half-mile former horseracing track, add ball fields and make other improvements. The amphitheater is home to the popular Summer Concert Series.

The South Park BMX track is considered the best in the country. Originally built in 1978, the track still follows the same design and serves as a model for courses around the world. ESPN has filmed racing, obstacle and extreme jumping events here.

Cool History:
The Whiskey Rebellion broke out in 1794 near the site of the Oliver Miller Homestead, which still stands in South Park. Take a self-guided tour of the log cabin on Sundays May-October.

You Might Not Know
The Skybus never got much farther off the ground than the 1.7-mile elevated test track built around the fairgrounds in the 1960s. Dismantled in 1972, it is now the stuff of urban legend. Make sure to check out the Who Remembers Skybus Facebook page or watch the Skybus video on YouTube.

Trails:
There are 17 miles of trails in South Park with a connection to the 54.9-mile Montour Trail. Users can connect to the Great Allegheny Passage and a continuous 335-mile trail to Washington, DC.

Other Highlights:
Ice skating, wave pool, golf course, tennis courts, sand volleyball, inline skating/deck hockey, model airplane field, Girl Scout cabin and the Boy Scouts’ Camp Rolling Hills

Visit Friends of South Park at www.southparkfriends.org

Getting There:
South Park is located 15 miles south of downtown in the municipalities of Bethel Park and South Park. Map it at: Corrigan Drive, 15129

THE REGIONAL PARKS

Only one park offers skiing--Boyce Park. Photo by Michele Fetting.

Only one park offers skiing–Boyce Park. Photo by Margaret Stanley/Allegheny County.

BOYCE PARK 

In November 1758, George Washington and his troops camped in what is now Boyce Park. It was just days before General John Forbes’ army captured Fort Duquesne (now Point State Park) from the French.

Today Boyce Park is a winter wonderland. Downhill skiing, snowboarding, tubing and miles of cross-country skiing trails weave through this 1,096-acre park, anchored by the Four Seasons Activity Center.

Visit the Nature Center, organic greenhouse, arboretum and museum, or take classes in art or horticulture.

The 1st Lt. Neil Anthony Santoriello Memorial Archery Range was named for the Verona resident who was killed in Iraq in 2004. Mr. Santoriello had renovated the archery range for his Eagle Scout project.

Cool History
Archaeologists excavated a Monongahela village and 26 burial sites dating to the 14th century AD in the park.

You Might Not Know
William D. Boyce Park was named after the founder of the Boy Scouts who was born in the area.

Trails:
Boyce Park has 21 miles of hiking and biking trails.

Other Highlights:
Wave pool, 3 Bs (Board, Bike and Blade) Action Park, Carpenter homestead and log house, model airplane field, tennis courts, ball fields and picnic shelters (named with Boy Scout themes)

Getting There:
Boyce Park is 15 miles east of downtown in the municipalities of Plum and Monroeville.
Map it at: 675 Old Frankstown Road, 15239

Wagman Observatory at Deer Lakes Park.

Wagman Observatory at Deer Lakes Park. Photo by Michele Fetting.

DEER LAKES

Atop one of the highest points in Allegheny County, the Wagman Observatory attracts stargazers from across the region. Star Parties are held throughout the year where visitors can get a “tour of the sky” from a member of the Amateur Astronomers Association of Pittsburgh. Star clusters and distant galaxies are visible through the two powerful telescopes – a Brashear 11-inch Refractor and a Manka Memorial 21-inch Newtonian Reflector.

Deer Lakes Park is known for its three spring-fed lakes that are managed for recreational fishing by the Pennsylvania Fish and Boat Commission. The lakes provide year-round opportunities for anglers to catch stocked trout, largemouth bass, bluegill and sometimes catfish.<!–nextpage–>

Cool History:
The communities around Deer Lakes Park have a long history of coal, oil and gas mining. Companies like Bessemer Coal, Republic Steel and LTV Steel all had sites in the area.

You Might Not Know
An 18-hole disc golf course opened in 2010 with funding from the county and the volunteer efforts of the Pittsburgh Flying Disc Society.

Trails:
Deer Lakes has 21 miles of hiking and biking trails.